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Dugongs in the Red Sea: An Endangered Species Facing Threats
Dugong red sea

The Red Sea is home to a small but important population of dugongs, also known as sea cows. These gentle marine mammals are strictly herbivorous, feeding primarily on seagrass, which makes them a keystone species in maintaining the health and balance of the shallow water seagrass beds. However, the Red Sea dugong population is under threat from various human activities, making their conservation efforts crucial.

Threats to Dugongs in the Red Sea

The Red Sea dugong population faces numerous threats from human activities, including hunting, habitat destruction, and entanglement in fishing gear. These activities have led to a decline in the species’ population, making them an endangered species. Climate change and the loss of seagrass beds due to water pollution and overfishing also pose a significant threat to dugongs in the Red Sea.

Conservation Efforts

Several efforts are underway to protect and conserve the Red Sea dugong population. Marine protected areas have been established to provide a sanctuary from human disturbance and protect their habitat. The use of fishing gear that minimizes the risk of entanglement and the adoption of fishing techniques that minimize the impact on seagrass beds are also being encouraged.

Public awareness and education are also important for the conservation of dugongs in the Red Sea. By raising awareness of the importance of dugongs and the threats they face, local communities can take an active role in conservation efforts, reducing the impact of human activities, such as fishing and boating, on dugongs and their habitat.

What Do Dugongs Eat?

As mentioned earlier, dugongs feed primarily on seagrass, which makes up almost 90% of their diet. They use their powerful lips to pluck seagrass from the ocean floor and their muscular tongue to scrape the blades of grass off their stems. Dugongs can consume up to 40 kg of seagrass in a single day, which is why they spend most of their time grazing in seagrass meadows.

where you found Dugongs

Dugongs, also known as sea cows, can be found in various locations throughout the Red Sea, including Marsa Alam and Abu Dababb. These gentle marine mammals are primarily found in shallow, protected areas with seagrass beds, which provide their primary food source.

Marsa Alam, located in the southern Red Sea, is a popular location for diving and snorkeling enthusiasts looking to spot dugongs in their natural habitat. The Abu Dababb Bay, located on the Red Sea coast of Egypt, is also known for its dugong population and is home to one of the largest populations in the world. This bay is protected, with strict rules in place to protect the dugongs and their habitat.

In addition to Marsa Alam and Abu Dababb, dugongs can also be found in other areas of the Red Sea, including the Gulf of Aqaba and the Saudi Arabian coastline. These areas are also known for their rich marine biodiversity, making them popular destinations for eco-tourism and conservation efforts.

It is important to note that dugongs are an endangered species, and their populations are under threat from various human activities, including habitat destruction, hunting, and entanglement in fishing gear. Therefore, it is important to respect these animals and their habitats by following guidelines and regulations put in place to protect them.


The Red Sea dugong is an important and endangered species that requires protection and conservation efforts. By reducing human activities that pose a threat to their population, establishing marine protected areas, and raising public awareness, we can work to conserve this magnificent species and its habitat for future generations to enjoy.

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